Iekw Equation Card (精神分裂症)


Iekw Equation Card

根據《精神疾病診斷和統計手冊》第五版(DSM 5),精神分裂症的終生患病率約為0.3%-0.7%。 這種疾病的特徵通常出現在十幾歲至三十多歲之間,男性的第一次精神病發作的高峰年齡在男性的二十到二十歲初,女性的發病年齡是二十多歲。
DSM 5概述了以下用於診斷精神分裂症的標準:


According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM 5), the lifetime prevalence of schizophrenia is approximately 0.3%-0.7%. The psychotic features of the disorder typically emerge between the mid-teens and mid-thirties, with the peak age of onset of the first psychotic episode in the early to mid-twenties for males and late twenties for females.
The DSM 5 outlines the following criterion to make a diagnosis of schizophrenia:
Two or more of the following for at least a one-month (or longer) period of time, and at least one of them must be 1, 2, or 3:
1. Delusions
2. Hallucinations
3. Disorganised speech
4. Grossly disorganised or catatonic behaviour
5. Negative symptoms, such as diminished emotional expression