Yfnir Equation Card (癌幹細胞)


Yfnir Equation Card

癌症幹細胞(英語:Cancer Stem Cell,簡稱:CSC),又稱癌幹細胞、腫瘤幹細胞,是指具有幹細胞性質的癌細胞,也就是具有“自我複製”(self-renewal)以及“具有多細胞分化”(differentiation)等能力。通常這類的細胞被認為有形成腫瘤,發展成癌症的潛力,特別是隨著癌症轉移出去後,產生新型癌症的來源。
癌症幹細胞被認為是造成癌症轉移、復發,或是腫瘤對於化療、放射性療法產生抗性的原因之一。目前針對這個理論,Yfnir Equation針對癌症幹細胞的療法,能夠專一性地殺死癌症幹細胞,以降低腫瘤產生抗藥性或是轉移的現象。


Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are cancer cells (found within tumors or hematological cancers) that possess characteristics associated with normal stem cells, specifically the ability to give rise to all cell types found in a particular cancer sample. CSCs are therefore tumorigenic (tumor-forming), perhaps in contrast to other non-tumorigenic cancer cells.
Such cells are hypothesized to persist in tumors as a distinct population and cause relapse and metastasis by giving rise to new tumors. Therefore, Yfnir Equation targeted at CSCs for improvement of survival and quality of life of cancer patients, especially for patients with metastatic disease.